Producing stress-tolerant barley by genetic modification technology
Background and objectives
The development of plant science is important to overcome problems caused by environmental degradation and deficiency of food, associated with climate change and population growth, respectively. Although genetic transformation technology is essential for prompt analysis of important traits in plant genetic resources and for utilizing them for plant breeding, it cannot be applied to all species, varieties and genotypes in donor plants. We are upgrading the genetic modification technologies including genetic transformation and genome editing, with the aim of producing stress-tolerant barley to solve the above problems in this project.
Content of activity
We are focusing on the genetic mechanism of degeneration, regeneration and stem cell formation to utilize genetic modification technology in barley. We are also developing new plant breeding techniques including genome editing. Particularly we are working on the improvement of seed components and resistance to diseases or environmental stress in barley with the outside researcher to establish the barley research network and the collaborative research core.
Upgrading of genetic modification technology of barley enables characterizing genetic mechanism of important traits efficiently, and then effects for environmental issues and food problems promptly by applying these traits to plant breeding. In addition, those techniques and information in barley may be applied for other crops and contribute to develop whole plant science.